Today, the leadership management style has moved away from command and control of individual into consultative and participative approach, the best approach is vary depends on the circumstances and individual characteristics (CMI 2013).
This shows that leadership style from most managers in the organisation has shift from the autocratic leadership into democratic leadership. By the way, there is one more leadership style which is the Laissez-Faire Leadership Style. From this case, it is important to understand how difference of three leadership styles in the organisation:
- Autocratic Leadership (Authoritarian Leadership) – It is a leadership style characterized by individual control over all decisions and little input from group members. It typically makes choices based on their own ideas and judgments with rarely accept advice from followers (Cherry K, 2013).
- Democratic Leadership (Participative Leadership) – It is a leadership style in which members of the group take a more participative role in the decision making process. It means that ideas move freely amongst the group and the organisation (Cherry K, 2013).
- The Laissez-Faire Leadership – It is a leadership style that allows complete freedom to all workers and has no particular way of attaining goals (Bhatti et al, 2012).
These leadership styles are advantages and disadvantages which depend on individual situation and type of organisation. In order to apply all of these theories, there is an example from the research to show how manager might know how to act in the difference situation:
- Autocratic Leadership – It is used in most regiments of the army in the military to follow the rule from the leader. For example, if you are a soldier and you were fighting in the war, you need to follow the order from the leader only. Otherwise, the leader has the power to control or even punish you if you do not follow the order (Public Services and Leadership, 2012).
- Democratic Leadership – It is used in the school for teacher to teach the students in classroom openly. For example, teacher (or leader) in the classroom can involve students in devising classroom rules and can provide students some choice in assignments related to particular purposes or subject matter (William W, 1998).
- The Laissez-Faire Leadership – It is used in the staff specialists or consultants who are accustomed to working in team environments such as car dealership. For example, CEO of car dealership may allow all departments to operate on their own without his direct supervision. All of them understand how they will achieve the objectives from CEO (Nordmeyer B, 2013).
The good examples that support the view of the CMI are John Lewis and Waitrose organisations. Since both companies have divisional councils with at least one elected councilor to represent each branch, all partners have the opportunity to share their opinions into the partner council, the partnership board or even the chairman. They can provide feedback and question management on branch matters to raise their own issues and be consulted for finding the best solution. This is related to CMI theory that supports the democratic theory through the organisation (John Lewis Partnership, 2013).
According to my own experiences in the leadership management style, I have been working as the full-time food service employee in Movie Allstar Resort in Florida, United States. I am managed by the food service manager that he used command and control approach to let me follow the policy and regulation of the company with doing the job done within the appointment timeline. However, he also motivated and encouraged me if I had some problems to ask him or I would like to share any ideas to increase the profitability in the organisation. So, my manager used the democratic leadership style to motivate each employee to follow and share their ideas into the organisation. Both combinations of task behaviours and relationship behaviours that manager led to me are very effective for me because I am respect and understand what manager needs from me, and I am satisfied to do this job as I am the importance person in the part of organisation.
In conclusion, there is no single best style of leadership. Effective leadership is varied with the benefits and limitations. It is not only with the person or group that is being influenced, but it also depends on the task, job or function through the organisation that needs to be accomplished. Some organisations must use autocratic leadership to control effectively by the individual task, while some organisations prefer to use democratic leadership to collaborate by sharing their ideas in order to achieve the same objectives.
 Cherry K. (2013) What Is Democratic Leadership? [online] available from <http://psychology.about.com/od/leadership/f/democratic-leadership.htm> [20 June 2013]
 Cherry K. (2013) What Is Autocratic Leadership? [online] available from <http://psychology.about.com/od/leadership/f/autocratic-leadership.htm> [20 June 2013]
 Bhatti et al (2012) The Impact of Autocratic and Democratic Leadership Style on Job Satisfaction. International Business Research (5) pp.192-201
 Public Services and Leadership (2012) Authoritarian Leadership [online] available from <https://sites.google.com/site/publicservicesandleadership/authoritarian> [20 June 2013]
 William W. (1998) Democratic Leadership in the Classroom: Theory into Practice [online] available from <http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/detailmini.jsp?_nfpb=true&_&ERICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=ED427998&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=no&accno=ED427998> [20 June 2013]
 John Lewis Partnership (2013) Democratic bodies [online] available from <http://www.johnlewispartnership.co.uk/about/the-partnership/democratic-bodies.html> [20 June 2013]